Blending (synthesising) the phonemes represented by the letters and letter groups (graphemes) all-through-the-printed-word, from left to right.
/p/ /a/ /n/ /t/ /s/ = “pants”
Segmenting (or splitting up) the smallest identifiable sounds (phonemes) and forming new words within the phonemes learned.
“pants” is segmented and blended to form pan, pant, ant, sat, nap, tap
WRITING – recording (tracing) the letters or letter groups (graphemes), from left to right, to represent the phonemes identified from segmenting the words.